Molt: To shed a cuticle or exoskeleton during a growth phase.

Molt: To cast or shed the feathers, skin, or the like, that will be replaced by a new growth. In snakes, molting refers to “shedding the skin”. In birds, the replacement of all or some of a bird’s feathers is called a molt. Molting is affected by a number of factors, including an animal’s age, sex, reproductive status, and environmental effects.…

Induced Ovulator

Induced Ovulator – females of a species where ovulation (release of the egg) takes place only when mating occurs, in contrast to cyclical ovulation. Species includes ferrets, cats, rabbits.…


In Mammals: The vagina is the copulatory portion of the female’s reproductive tract. The vestibule portion of the vagina also serves for passage of urine during urination. The vagina also serves as a canal through which young pass when born.

In Birds: The vagina is the portion of the avian reproductive tract where the bloom/cuticle is added to the egg just prior to the egg being laid.

Avian female reproductive tract


Parasites: Internal Parasites of Horses

Internal parasites are small organisms that live a portion of their life cycle in a host animal — in this case, the horse.

They live in internal organs, body cavities, and tissues while gaining their nutritive source by feeding on the host animal.


Above is a picture of Bots in a horses stomach.


For more information about internal parasites visit:



In ruminants: An abnormal condition in ruminants characterized by a distention of the rumen, usually seen on an animal’s upper left side, owing to an accumulation of gases.

In dogs: A twisting of the stomach that can be fatal to a dog. Bloat occurs more frequently in large, deep-chested dogs. The chance of bloat also increases if a dog eats a large meal just before exercising.



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